Research

Disorder

We suggest that several major mental disorders can be understood as maladaptation of mechanisms controlling stability and transition. Understanding the transitions between episodes and the processes that cause healthy or disordered states to persist is the key to explaining and diagnosing such disorders. Here, we use key mental disorders to investigate what happens when the mechanisms as analyzed in the other Key Areas fail.

New project-related publications
Arikan, B. E., van Kemenade, B. M., Fiehler, K., Kircher, T., Drewing, K., & Straube, B. (2021).
Different contributions of efferent and reafferent feedback to sensorimotor temporal recalibration.
Scientific Reports, 11(1).
DOI
Augustat, N., Chuang, L. C., Panitz, C., Stolz, C., Mueller, E. M., & Endres, D. M. (2022).
Modeling Reward Learning Under Placebo Expectancies: A Q-Learning Approach.
In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.
DOI
Bellagente, M., Brack, M., Teufel, H., Friedrich, F., Deiseroth, B., Eichenberg, C., Kersting, K., ... & Weinbach, S. (2024).
Multifusion: Fusing pre-trained models for multi-lingual, multi-modal image generation.
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 36.
DOI DOI
Borovska, P., de Haas, B. (2022).
Extrafoveal faces modulate the dynamics of scene viewing.
PsyArXiv Preprints
Brack, M., Friedrich, F., Hintersdorf, D., Struppek, L., Schramowski, P., & Kersting, K. (2024).
SEGA: Instructing text-to-image models using semantic guidance.
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 36.
DOI DOI
Brack, M., Schramowski, P., Deiseroth, B., & Kersting, K. (2023).
Illume: Rationalizing vision-language models through human interactions.
DOI DOI
Broda, M. D., & de Haas, B. (2022).
Individual differences in looking at persons in scenes.
Journal of Vision, 22(12), 9-9.
DOI
Broda, M. D., & de Haas, B. (2022).
Individual fixation tendencies in person viewing generalize from images to videos.
i-Perception, 13(6), 20416695221128844.
DOI
Broda, M. D., & de Haas, B. (2023).
Reading the mind in the nose.
i-Perception, 14(3), 1–4.
DOI
Broda, M. D., Haddad, T., & de Haas, B. (2023).
Quick, eyes! Isolated upper face regions but not artificial features elicit rapid saccades.
Journal of Vision, 23(2), 5-5.
DOI
Cheeseman, J. R., Fleming, R. W., & Schmidt, F. (2022).
Scale ambiguities in material recognition.
iScience, 25(3):103970.
DOI
Cuevas, P., He, Y., Steines, M., & Straube, B.Cuevas, P., He, Y., Steines, M., & Straube, B. (2022).
Processing of Semantic Complexity and Cospeech Gestures in Schizophrenia: A Naturalistic, Multimodal fMRI Study.
Schizophrenia Bulletin Open, 3(1), sgac026.
DOI
Eckert, A. L., Pabst, K., & Endres, D. M. (2022).
A Bayesian model for chronic pain.
Frontiers in Pain Research, 152.
DOI
Eckert, A. L., Pawlowski, J., Rief, W., Endres, D., & Kirchner, L. (2023).
Simulating Active Inference of Interpersonal Context Within and Across Mental Disorders.
PsyArXiv Preprints DOI DOI
Flachot, A., Akbarinia, A., Schütt, H. H., Fleming, R. W., Wichmann, F. A., & Gegenfurtner, K. R. (2022).
Deep neural models for color classification and color constancy.
Journal of vision, 22(4), 17-17.
DOI DOI
Friedrich, F., Stammer, W., Schramowski, P., & Kersting, K. (2023).
A typology for exploring the mitigation of shortcut behaviour.
Nature Machine Intelligence, 5(3), 319-330.
DOI DOI DOI
Friedrich, F., Stammer, W., Schramowski, P., Kersting, K. (2023).
Revision Transformers: Instructing Language Models to Change their Values. In
Proceedings of the 26th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI).
DOI DOI
Hesse, R., Schaub-Meyer, S., & Roth, S. (2021).
Fast axiomatic attribution for neural networks.
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 34(2), 19513-19524.
DOI
Kadner, F., Thomas, T., Hoppe, D., & Rothkopf, C. A. (2023).
Improving saliency models' predictions of the next fixation with humans' intrinsic cost of gaze shifts.
In Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (pp. 2104-2114).
Kavroulakis, E., van Kemenade, B. M., Arikan, B. E., Kircher, T., & Straube, B. (2022).
The effect of self- vs. externally generated actions on timing, duration and amplitude of BOLD response for visual feedback processing.
Human Brain Mapping, in press.
Kessler, F., Frankenstein, J., & Rothkopf, C. A. (2022).
A Dynamic Bayesian Actor Model explains Endpoint Variability in Homing Tasks.
bioRxiv
Kirchner, L., Eckert, A., Berg, M., Endres, D., Straube, B., & Rief, W. (2022).
Better safe than sorry? - An active inference approach to biased inference on social contexts in depression.
PsyArXiv Preprints
Kirchner, L., Kloft, M., Arias Martín, B., Berg, M., Anjedanimoghadamaraghi, P., Schäfer, L., & Rief, W. (2023).
Measuring dysfunctional interpersonal beliefs: validation of the Interpersonal Cognitive Distortions Scale among a heterogeneous German-speaking sample.
BMC psychiatry, 23(1), 702.
DOI
Kirchner, L., Kube, T., D'Astolfo, L., Strahler, J., Herbstreit, R., & Rief, W. (2023).
How to modify expectations of social rejection? An experimental study using a false-feedback paradigm.
Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 81, 101859.
Kirchner, L., Rief, W., Müller, L., Buchwald, H., Fuhrmann, K., & Berg, M. (2023).
Processing Unexpected Social Feedback in Depression: Differences in Feedback Acceptance and Immunizing Cognition.
PsyArXiv Preprints DOI
Kirchner, L., Rief, W., Müller, L., Buchwald, H., Fuhrmann, K., & Berg, M. (2023).
Processing Unexpected Social Feedback in Depression: Differences in Feedback Acceptance and Immunizing Cognition.
PsyArXiv Preprints
Kollenda, D., de Haas, B. (2022).
The influence of familiarity on memory for faces and mask wearing.
Cognitive Research, 7(1).
DOI
Linka, M., Broda, M. D., Alsheimer, T. A., de Haas, B., & Ramon, M. (2022).
Characteristic fixation biases in Super-Recognizers.
Journal of Vision, in press.
DOI
Linka, M., Sensoy, Ö., Karimpur, H., Schwarzer, G., de Haas, B. (2022).
Attentional biases in free viewing of complex scenes in preschoolers and adults.
PsyArXiv Preprints
Linka, M., Sensoy, Ö., Karimpur, H., Schwarzer, G., de Haas, B. (2023).
Free viewing biases for complex scenes in preschoolers and adults.
Sci Rep, 13, 11803.
DOI
Lubinus, C., Einhäuser, W., Schiller, F., Kircher, T., Straube, B. & van Kemenade, B.M. (2022).
Action-based predictions affect visual perception, neural processing, and pupil size, regardless of temporal predictability.
NeuroImage, 263, 119601.
DOI
Meibodi, N., Abbasi, H., Schubö, A., & Endres, D. M. (2021).
A model of selection history in visual attention.
In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society 43(43), 707-713.
DOI
Meibodi, N., Schubö, A., & Endres, D. (2022).
Sensorimotor processes are not a source of much noise: sensorimotor and decision components of reaction times.
In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.
DOI
Neudert, M. K., Schäfer, A., Zehtner, R. I., Fricke, S., Seinsche, R. J., Kruse, O., Stark, R., Walter, B. & Hermann, A. (2023).
Behavioral pattern separation is associated with neural and electrodermal correlates of context-dependent fear conditioning.
Scientific Reports, 13(1), 5577.
Neudert, M. K., Schäfer, A., Zehtner, R. I., Fricke, S., Seinsche, R. J., Stark, R., & Hermann, A. (2023).
Decontextualized fear memories? Stronger conditioned fear responses during extinction learning and extinction recall in a safe context predict the development of long-term analog intrusions.
Psychological Medicine, 1-10.
Niehaus, H.,Stroth, S., Kamp-Becker, I., Endres, D. (2022).
Modeling aberrant volatility estimates in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.
DOI DOI
Ody, E., Straube, B., He, Y., Kircher, T. (2023).
Perception of self-generated and externally-generated visual stimuli: Evidence from EEG and behavior.
Psychophysiology, e14295.
DOI
Osorio, S., Straube, B., Meyer, L., & He, Y. (2023).
The role of co-speech gestures in retrieval and prediction during naturalistic multimodal narrative processing.
Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 1-16.
DOI
O’Leary, A., Fernàndez-Castillo, N., Gan, G., Yang, Y., Yotova, A. Y., Kranz, T. M., ... Kircher, T. …, Straube, B., ... Reif, A. (2022).
Behavioural and functional evidence revealing the role of RBFOX1 variation in multiple psychiatric disorders and traits.
Molecular Psychiatry, 1–10.
Pabst, K., Zittrell, F., Homberg, U., Endres, D. (2022).
A Model for Optic Flow Integration in Locust Central-Complex Neurons Tuned to Head Direction.
In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.
DOI
Preißler, L., Jovanovic, B., Munzert, J., Schmidt, F., Fleming, R.W., & Schwarzer, G. (2021).
Effects of visual and visual-haptic perception of material rigidity on reaching and grasping in the course of development.
Acta Psychologica, 221, November, 103457.
Prokott, E., & Fleming, R. W. (2022).
Identifying specular highlights: Insights from deep learning.
Journal of vision, 22(7), 6-6.
Ridderbusch, I. C., Wroblewski, A., Yang, Y., Richter, J., Hollandt, M. Hamm, A. O., Wittchen, H.-U., Ströhle, A., Arolt, V., Margraf, J., Lueken, U., Hermann, M. J., Kircher, T. & Straube, B. (2021).
Neural adaptation of cingulate and insular activity during delayed fear extinction: A replicable pattern across assessment sites and repeated measurements.
NeuroImage, 237, 118157.
Riedl, L., Nagels, A., Sammer, G., Choudhury, M., Nonnenmann, A., ... & Straube, B. (2022).
Changes in Neural Processing After Multimodal Speech-Gesture Training in Patients With Schizophrenia.
OHBM conference. 237, 118157.
Riedl, L., Nagels, A., Sammer, G., Choudhury, M., Nonnenmann, A., Sütterlin, A., Feise, C., Haslach, M., Bitsch, F., Kühne, H., Hartmann, T.H., Shvetsova, N. & Straube, B. (2022).
Multimodal speech-gesture training in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder: Effects on quality of life and neural processing.
Schizophrenia Research, 246, 112-125.
DOI
Rosenblum, L., Kreß, A., Ezgi Atikan, B., Straube, B., Bremmer, F. (2023).
Neural correlates of visual and tactile path integration and their task related modulation.
Scientific Reports, 13 (1), 9913.
DOI
Rothkopf, C., Bremmer, F., Fiehler, K., Dobs, K., & Triesch, J. (2023).
Models of vision need some action.
Behavioral Brain Science, 46:e405.
DOI
Schmidt, F., Tiedemann, H., Fleming, R. W., & Morgenstern, Y. (2023).
Inferring shape transformations in a drawing task.
Memory & Cognition.
DOI
Schmitter, C.V., Kufer, K., Steinsträter, O., Sommer, J., Kircher, T., Straube, B. (2023).
Neural correlates of temporal recalibration to delayed auditory feedback of active and passive movements.
Human Brain Mapping.
DOI
Schramowski, P., Brack, M., Deiseroth, B., & Kersting, K. (2023).
Safe latent diffusion: Mitigating inappropriate degeneration in diffusion models. In
Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition(pp. 22522-22531).
DOI
Schramowski, P., Turan, C., Andersen, N., Rothkopf, C. A., & Kersting, K. (2022).
Large pre-trained language models contain human-like biases of what is right and wrong to do.
Nature Machine Intelligence, 4(3), 258-268.
DOI DOI DOI
Schülke, R., Schmitter, C., Straube, B. (2023).
Improving Causality Perception Judgments in Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder via Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation.
Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 48(4), 245–254.
DOI
Schultheis, M., Rothkopf. C. A., Koeppl, H. (2022).
Reinforcement learning with non-exponential discounting.
Neural Information Processing Systems.
DOI
Schultheis, M., Straub, D., & Rothkopf, C. A. (2021).
Inverse optimal control adapted to the noise characteristics of the human sensorimotor system.
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 34, 9429-9442.
DOI
Shindo, H., Pfanschilling, V., Dhami, D. S., & Kersting, K. (2023).
α ILP: thinking visual scenes as differentiable logic programs.
Machine Learning, 112(5), 1465-1497.
DOI DOI DOI
Skryagin, A., Ochs, D., Dhami, D. S., & Kersting, K. (2023).
Scalable Neural-Probabilistic Answer Set Programming.
Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research (JAIR) 78:579–617.
DOI DOI
Stewart, E. M. M., & Fleming, R. W. (2023).
The eyes anticipate where an object will move based on its shape.
Current Biology, 33(17), R894-R895.
DOI
Stewart, E. M., & Fleming R. W. (2023).
The eyes anticipate where an object will move based on its shape.
Current Biology, 33(17), R894-R895.
DOI
Stewart, E.E.M., Hartmann, F.T., Morgenstern, Y., Storrs, K.R., Maiello G., & Fleming R.W. (2022).
Mental object rotation based on two-dimensional visual representations.
Current Biology 32, R1201–R1225.
DOI
Storrs, K. R., Anderson, B. L., & Fleming, R. W. (2021).
Unsupervised learning predicts human perception and misperception of gloss.
Nature Human Behaviour, 1-16.
DOI
Straub, D., Schultheis, M., Koeppl, H., & Rothkopf, C. A. (2024).
Probabilistic inverse optimal control for non-linear partially observable systems disentangles perceptual uncertainty and behavioral costs.
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 36.
DOI DOI
Straube, B., Kuehne, H., van Dam, L., Frey, K., van Kemenade, B.M., Kircher, T., & Ried, L. (2022).
Speech-gesture mismatch detection in individuals with high vs. low schizotypal traits.
International Consortium on Schizotypy Research, ICSR 2022.
Stroth, S., Niehaus, H., Wolff, N., Poustka, L., Roessner, V., Kamp‐Becker, I., & Endres, D. (2022).
Subdimensions of social‐communication behavior in autism—A replication study.
JCPP Advances, e12077.
Tamura, H., Prokott, K. E., & Fleming, R. W. (2022).
Distinguishing mirror from glass: A “big data” approach to material perception.
Journal of vision, 22(4), 4-4.
DOI
Tatai, F., Straub, D., & Rothkopf, C. (2023).
People use Newtonian physics in intuitive sensorimotor decisions under risk. In
Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (Vol. 45, No. 45).
DOI
Thoma, N., Yu, Z., Ventola, F., & Kersting, K. (2021).
RECOWNs: Probabilistic Circuits for Trustworthy Time Series Forecasting.
Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Tractable Probabilistic Modeling (TPM 2021).
DOI DOI
Thoma, N., Yu, Z., Ventola, F., & Kersting, K. (2021).
RECOWNs: Probabilistic Circuits for Trustworthy Time Series Forecasting.
Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Tractable Probabilistic Modeling (TPM 2021).
DOI DOI
Thomas, T., Straub, D., Tatai, F., Shene, M., Tosik, T., Kersting, K., & Rothkopf, C. A. (2024).
Modelling dataset bias in machine-learned theories of economic decision-making.
Nature Human Behaviour, 1-13.
DOI DOI DOI
Tiedemann, H., Morgenstern, Y., Schmidt, F., & Fleming, R. W. (2022).
One-shot generalization in humans revealed through a drawing task.
eLife, 11.
DOI
Tiedemann, H., Schmidt, F., Fleming, R.W. (2022).
Superordinate Categorization Based on the Perceptual Organization of Parts.
Brain Sciences, 12, 667.
DOI
Trick, S., & Rothkopf, C. A. (2022).
Bayesian Classifier Fusion with an Explicit Model of Correlation.
In International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics (pp. 2282-2310). PMLR.
DOI
Ventola, F., Dhami, D. S., & Kersting, K. (2021).
Generative Clausal Networks: Relational Decision Trees as Probabilistic Circuits.
Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming (ILP).
DOI DOI
Wroblewski, A., Hollandt, M., Yang, Y., Ridderbusch, I.C., Pietzner, A., Szeska, C., Lotze, M., Wittchen, H.-U., Heinig, I., Pittig, A., Arolt, V., Koelkebeck, K., Rothkopf, C.A., Adolph, D., Margraf, J., Lueken, U., Pauli, P., Herrmann, M.J., Winkler, M.H., Ströhle, A., Dannlowski, U., Kircher, T., Hamm, A.O., Straube, B.* & Richter, J.* (2022). *contributed equally
Sometimes I feel the fear of uncertainty stinging clear: How Intolerance of Uncertainty and Trait Anxiety impact fear acquisition, extinction and the return of fear.
PsyArXiv Preprints
Yu, Z., Dhami, D. S., & Kersting, K. (2021).
Sum-Product-Attention Networks: Leveraging Self-Attention in Probabilistic Circuits.
arXiv preprint
DOI
Yu, Z., Trapp, M., & Kersting, K. (2024).
Characteristic Circuits.
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 36.
DOI DOI
Yu, Z., Ventola, F. G., & Kersting, K. (2021).
Whittle networks: A deep likelihood model for time series.
International Conference on Machine Learning (PMLR), 12177-12186.
DOI
Yu, Z., Zhu, M., Trapp, M., Skryagin, A., & Kersting, K. (2021).
Leveraging Probabilistic Circuits for Nonparametric Multi-Output Regression.
Proceedings of the 37th Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI 2021).
DOI
Zečević, M., Dhami, D. S., Rothkopf, C. A., & Kersting, K. (2021).
Structural Causal Interpretation Theorem.
arXiv preprint
Zehtner, R. I., Neudert, M. K., Schäfer, A., Fricke, S., Seinsche, R. J., Stark, R., & Hermann, A. (2023).
Weathering the storm of emotions: Immediate and lasting effects of reinterpretation and distancing on event-related potentials and their association with habitual use of cognitive reappraisal.
Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 1-16.